- D-xylose Foodchem.cn
- Brown A, 2008, Understanding Food: Principles and Preparation, Third Edition, p.409
- Agarwal S, 2010, Chemistry of Organic Natural Products, p.65
- Yun JB et al, 2011, Coconut-derived D-xylose affects postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy individuals PubMed Central
What is xylose?
Xylose or wood sugar is a simple sugar (a monosaccharide) extracted from wood, sugar cane or coconuts . It also naturally occurs in small amounts in berries, spinach, broccoli, and pears and as part of dietary fiber called arabinoxylan.
Nutrition Facts for Xylose
- Calories per gram = 2.4 
- Glycemic index = low 
- Sweetness relative to sucrose = 40% [3-p.65]
- Net carbs = 60%
Xylose is used as a sweetener and as a substrate for the production of a sugar alcohol xylitol.
Xylose and Cooking
- D-Xylose is available as a white crystalline powder .
- Xylose is a sweetener, 40% as sweet as sucrose .
- Xylose is a reducing sugar, which means it can undergo a Maillard browning reaction in the presence of amino acids.
- Melting point = 293-302 °F (145-150 °C)